Cardiovascular and Weight Loss
High blood pressure is a common condition in which the force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it may eventually cause health problems, such as heart disease. Blood pressure is determined by the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood flow in your arteries. The greater excess weight you have, the more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.
You can have high blood pressure (hypertension) for years without any symptoms.
Even without symptoms, damage to blood vessels and your heart continues and can be detected. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke.
Symptoms of High Blood Pressure include:
- Most people with high blood pressure have no signs or symptoms, even if blood pressure readings reach dangerously high levels.
- Although a few people with early-stage high blood pressure may have dull headaches, dizzy spells or a few more nosebleeds than normal, these signs and symptoms usually don’t occur until high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
- According to the American Heart Association, nearly one in three adults in the United States has high blood pressure. The upper or first number in a blood pressure reading is the systolic pressure and the lower or second number is the diastolic pressure.
According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute guidelines:
- Pre-hypertension is systolic pressure that’s between 120 to 139 or diastolic pressure between 80 and 89.
- Stage 1 hypertension is systolic pressure between 140 to 159 or diastolic pressure between 90 and 99 mmHg or higher.
- Stage 2 hypertension is systolic pressure higher than 160 or diastolic pressure of 100 or higher.